Immature Dermacentor marginatus ticks and tissues from small rodents were tested for infection by Rickettsia slovaca in the Northern Apennines, Lucca Province, where tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA) was previously reported in people. Prevalence of infestation by D. marginatus was 30.5% (n=131, 95%CI: 22.8, 39.2) in Apodemus spp., and 26.5% (n=34, 95%CI: 12.9, 44.4) in M. glareolus, which were captured during 1980 trap nights in 2009 and 2010. R. slovaca was identified by polymerase chain reaction, targeting the gltA and OmpA genes, in ear biopsies from eight out of 37 tested Apodemus spp. (21.6%, 95%CI: 9.8, 38.2), but not from nine M. glareolus. The prevalence of R. slovaca in D. marginatus feeding on Apodemus spp. was 52.9% in larvae (n=51, 95%CI: 38.5, 67.1), and 47.5 % in nymphs (n=59, 95%CI: 34.3, 60.9). No larvae (0.0%, 95%CI: 0, 36.9), but one nymph from M. glareolus was positive (10.0%, 95%CI: 0.3, 44.5). Prevalence of R. slovaca in host-seeking D. marginatus larvae, collected in the same area, was 42.1% (n=38; 95%CI: 26.3, 59.2). Prevalence of R. slovaca was greater in larvae feeding on PCR-positive Apodemus spp. than in those feeding on negative mice (78.6% vs 37.1%). Furthermore, levels of infestation by D. marginatus larvae were greater for R. slovaca-positive mice. The infection of Apodemus spp. was probably the result of repeated bites by transovarially-infected larvae. On the other hand, the finding of R. slovaca in mice tissues would be compatible with transmission from these hosts to feeding D. marginatus. Based on such an hypothesis, the most heavily infested Apodemus spp. might play a role as amplifiers of the infection.

Rickettsia slovaca in immature Dermacentor marginatus and tissues from Apodemus spp. in the Northern Apennines, Italy

MARTELLO, ELISA;STELLA, Maria Cristina;MANNELLI, Alessandro;TOMASSONE, Laura
2013-01-01

Abstract

Immature Dermacentor marginatus ticks and tissues from small rodents were tested for infection by Rickettsia slovaca in the Northern Apennines, Lucca Province, where tick-borne lymphadenopathy (TIBOLA) was previously reported in people. Prevalence of infestation by D. marginatus was 30.5% (n=131, 95%CI: 22.8, 39.2) in Apodemus spp., and 26.5% (n=34, 95%CI: 12.9, 44.4) in M. glareolus, which were captured during 1980 trap nights in 2009 and 2010. R. slovaca was identified by polymerase chain reaction, targeting the gltA and OmpA genes, in ear biopsies from eight out of 37 tested Apodemus spp. (21.6%, 95%CI: 9.8, 38.2), but not from nine M. glareolus. The prevalence of R. slovaca in D. marginatus feeding on Apodemus spp. was 52.9% in larvae (n=51, 95%CI: 38.5, 67.1), and 47.5 % in nymphs (n=59, 95%CI: 34.3, 60.9). No larvae (0.0%, 95%CI: 0, 36.9), but one nymph from M. glareolus was positive (10.0%, 95%CI: 0.3, 44.5). Prevalence of R. slovaca in host-seeking D. marginatus larvae, collected in the same area, was 42.1% (n=38; 95%CI: 26.3, 59.2). Prevalence of R. slovaca was greater in larvae feeding on PCR-positive Apodemus spp. than in those feeding on negative mice (78.6% vs 37.1%). Furthermore, levels of infestation by D. marginatus larvae were greater for R. slovaca-positive mice. The infection of Apodemus spp. was probably the result of repeated bites by transovarially-infected larvae. On the other hand, the finding of R. slovaca in mice tissues would be compatible with transmission from these hosts to feeding D. marginatus. Based on such an hypothesis, the most heavily infested Apodemus spp. might play a role as amplifiers of the infection.
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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877959X13000757
Rickettsia slovaca; Tick-borne lymphadenopathy; Dermacentor marginatus; Apodemus spp.; Myodes glareolus
Martello Elisa; Selmi Marco; Ragagli Charlotte; Ambrogi Cecilia; Stella M Cristina; Mannelli Alessandro; Tomassone Laura
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/139710
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