The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWTP) on the occurrence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts in the receiving water. All MWTP effluent samples were Giardia and Cryptosporidium contaminated, although low mean values were found for both parasites (0.21 0.06 oocysts/L; 1.39 0.51 cysts/L). Otherwise, in the raw sewage a greater concentration was detected (4.5 0.3 oocysts/L; 53.6 6.8 cysts/L). The major occurrence of Giardia over Cryptosporidium, both in the influent and in the effluent of the MWTP, is probably related to the human sewage contribution to the wastewater. Data on protozoa contamination of the receiving water body demonstrated similar concentrations in the samples collected before (0.21 0.07 oocysts/L; 1.31 0.38 cysts/L) and after (0.17 0.09 oocysts/L and 1.01 1.05 cysts/L) the plant effluent discharge. The results of this study suggest that the MWTP has no impact related to Giardia and Cryptosporidium river water contamination, and underline the need for investigation into the effectiveness of these protozoa removal by less technologically advanced MWTPs which are the most widespread and could probably show a lower ability to reduce protozoa.

Impact of a wastewater tratment plant on Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts occurring in a surface water

CARRARO, Elisabetta;FEA, Elisabetta;GILLI, Giorgio
2000

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWTP) on the occurrence of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts in the receiving water. All MWTP effluent samples were Giardia and Cryptosporidium contaminated, although low mean values were found for both parasites (0.21 0.06 oocysts/L; 1.39 0.51 cysts/L). Otherwise, in the raw sewage a greater concentration was detected (4.5 0.3 oocysts/L; 53.6 6.8 cysts/L). The major occurrence of Giardia over Cryptosporidium, both in the influent and in the effluent of the MWTP, is probably related to the human sewage contribution to the wastewater. Data on protozoa contamination of the receiving water body demonstrated similar concentrations in the samples collected before (0.21 0.07 oocysts/L; 1.31 0.38 cysts/L) and after (0.17 0.09 oocysts/L and 1.01 1.05 cysts/L) the plant effluent discharge. The results of this study suggest that the MWTP has no impact related to Giardia and Cryptosporidium river water contamination, and underline the need for investigation into the effectiveness of these protozoa removal by less technologically advanced MWTPs which are the most widespread and could probably show a lower ability to reduce protozoa.
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CARRARO E; FEA E; SALVA S; GILLI G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1487
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