Anaerobic digestion was introduced into wastewater treatment plants several years ago, but anaerobic digestion performance has not yet been achieved. The variability of the microbial community in digesters is poorly understood, and despite the crucial role of anaerobic digestion reactors, the microbial equilibrium that yields the best performance in these reactors has only recently been hypothesised. In this study, two full-scale continuous anaerobic reactors, placed in Torino’s main wastewater treatment plant in northern Italy, were followed to develop a summary indicator for measuring anaerobic digestion performance. A total of 100 sludge samples were collected. The samples were characterised chemically and physically, and microbial groups were quantified by qRT-PCR. A chemical biological performance index strictly correlated to specific biogas production (rho = 0.739, p < 0.01) is proposed. This approach will produce new management tools for anaerobic digestion in wastewater treatment plants.

Microbial-chemical indicator for anaerobic digester performance assessment in full-scale wastewater treatment plants for biogas production

TRAVERSI, Deborah;ROMANAZZI, VALERIA;DEGAN, Raffaella;CARRARO, Elisabetta;GILLI, Giorgio
2015

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion was introduced into wastewater treatment plants several years ago, but anaerobic digestion performance has not yet been achieved. The variability of the microbial community in digesters is poorly understood, and despite the crucial role of anaerobic digestion reactors, the microbial equilibrium that yields the best performance in these reactors has only recently been hypothesised. In this study, two full-scale continuous anaerobic reactors, placed in Torino’s main wastewater treatment plant in northern Italy, were followed to develop a summary indicator for measuring anaerobic digestion performance. A total of 100 sludge samples were collected. The samples were characterised chemically and physically, and microbial groups were quantified by qRT-PCR. A chemical biological performance index strictly correlated to specific biogas production (rho = 0.739, p < 0.01) is proposed. This approach will produce new management tools for anaerobic digestion in wastewater treatment plants.
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waste water treatment; waste to energy; Anaerobic digestion, Archaeal communities, Biogas production, Methanogens, Renewable energy
D. Traversi; V. Romanazzi; R. Degan; E. Lorenzi ; E. Carraro; G. Gilli
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/155203
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