Purpose: Nurses are exposed to Formaldehyde when managing surgical samples to be later transferred to Histopathology. We evaluated conditions favouring the risk of exposure to this toxic reagent and the effect of measures to prevent it. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study where 94 female workers were enrolled as potentially exposed to Formaldehyde. For each nurse were collected: 1) personal air-Formaldehyde by a personal dosimeter (8 hours); 2) a standardized questionnaire; 3) a urine sample to test 15-F2t-Isoprostane, Malondialdehyde, Cotinine. Results: The results indicate a marked difference related to the adoption of the Under Vacuum Sealing procedure, as an alternative to Formaldehyde for preserving tissues. Nurses using the Under Vacuum Sealing system in the operating rooms are exposed to levels of Formaldehyde 75% lower than those who do not use that system. Oxidative stress biomarkers (15-F2t-Isoprostane, Malondialdehyde) are significantly higher in nurses using Formaldehyde (p < 0.001) and in absence of Under Vacuum Sealing system (p = 0.027), in particular in those workers that use liquid Formaldehyde in the operating theatre (p = 0.012). Conclusions: Analysis of biological biomarkers confirms a direct responsibility of air Formaldehyde on the onset of oxidative stress while the use of the Under Vacuum Sealing technique is associated with a significant reduction of the exposure to air- Formaldehyde and redox status. Our findings can be useful to characterize the environmental health risk in the operating theatres and to plan preventive measures such as the Under Vacuum Sealing procedure

Towards a formalin-free hospital. Levels of 15-F2t-isoprostane and malondialdehyde to monitor exposure to formaldehyde in nurses from operating theatres

BELLISARIO, VALERIA;MENGOZZI, GIULIO;SAPINO, Anna;BUSSOLATI, Giovanni;BONO, Roberto
Last
2016

Abstract

Purpose: Nurses are exposed to Formaldehyde when managing surgical samples to be later transferred to Histopathology. We evaluated conditions favouring the risk of exposure to this toxic reagent and the effect of measures to prevent it. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study where 94 female workers were enrolled as potentially exposed to Formaldehyde. For each nurse were collected: 1) personal air-Formaldehyde by a personal dosimeter (8 hours); 2) a standardized questionnaire; 3) a urine sample to test 15-F2t-Isoprostane, Malondialdehyde, Cotinine. Results: The results indicate a marked difference related to the adoption of the Under Vacuum Sealing procedure, as an alternative to Formaldehyde for preserving tissues. Nurses using the Under Vacuum Sealing system in the operating rooms are exposed to levels of Formaldehyde 75% lower than those who do not use that system. Oxidative stress biomarkers (15-F2t-Isoprostane, Malondialdehyde) are significantly higher in nurses using Formaldehyde (p < 0.001) and in absence of Under Vacuum Sealing system (p = 0.027), in particular in those workers that use liquid Formaldehyde in the operating theatre (p = 0.012). Conclusions: Analysis of biological biomarkers confirms a direct responsibility of air Formaldehyde on the onset of oxidative stress while the use of the Under Vacuum Sealing technique is associated with a significant reduction of the exposure to air- Formaldehyde and redox status. Our findings can be useful to characterize the environmental health risk in the operating theatres and to plan preventive measures such as the Under Vacuum Sealing procedure
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http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2016/tx/c6tx00068a
15-F2t-Isoprostane, formaldehyde, malondialdehyde, oxidative stress, under vacuum sealing
Bellisario, Valeria; Mengozzi, Giulio; Grignani, Elena; Bugiani, Massimiliano; Sapino, Anna; Bussolati, Gianni; Bono, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1573467
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