The innate immune response against Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) plays a pivotal role during primary infection. Indeed, HCMV infection of primary fibroblasts rapidly triggers a strong induction of interferon­type I (IFN­type I), accompanied by proinflammatory cytokines release. This tightly regulated defense system serves to establish an antiviral state in infected and neighbouring cells and protect them against virus replication. Here, we show that primary human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) produce IFN­type I when infected with HCMV strain TB40/E, v65Rev. Interestingly, significantly higher IFN­type I levels are observed when HFFs are infected with HCMV unable to express UL83­encoded pp65 (v65Stop), suggesting that the tegument pp65 protein might downregulate IFN­type I production. To clarify the mechanisms pp65 relies on to inhibit IFN­type I production, we analysed the activation of the cGMP­AMP synthase (cGAS)/STING axis in HFFs infected with the v65Rev or v65Stop. The results obtained revealed that pp65 binds to cGAS and prevents its interaction with STING thus interfering with the cGAS/STING axis. These data identify a previously unknown role for pp65 that leads to inhibition of IFN­type I production and evasion from its antiviral activity.

Human Cytomegalovirus pp65 inhibits Interferon type I production through its interaction with the cGAS/STING axis

PAUTASSO, SARA;BIOLATTI, MATTEO;DELL'OSTE, Valentina;GUGLIESI, Francesca;DE ANDREA, Marco
2016

Abstract

The innate immune response against Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) plays a pivotal role during primary infection. Indeed, HCMV infection of primary fibroblasts rapidly triggers a strong induction of interferon­type I (IFN­type I), accompanied by proinflammatory cytokines release. This tightly regulated defense system serves to establish an antiviral state in infected and neighbouring cells and protect them against virus replication. Here, we show that primary human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) produce IFN­type I when infected with HCMV strain TB40/E, v65Rev. Interestingly, significantly higher IFN­type I levels are observed when HFFs are infected with HCMV unable to express UL83­encoded pp65 (v65Stop), suggesting that the tegument pp65 protein might downregulate IFN­type I production. To clarify the mechanisms pp65 relies on to inhibit IFN­type I production, we analysed the activation of the cGMP­AMP synthase (cGAS)/STING axis in HFFs infected with the v65Rev or v65Stop. The results obtained revealed that pp65 binds to cGAS and prevents its interaction with STING thus interfering with the cGAS/STING axis. These data identify a previously unknown role for pp65 that leads to inhibition of IFN­type I production and evasion from its antiviral activity.
6th European Congress of Virology 2016
Amburgo (Germania)
19-22 Ottobre 2016
6th European Congress of Virology 2016
N/A
N/A
http://www.eurovirology2016.eu/
Pautasso Sara; Biolatti Matteo; Dell'Oste Valentina; Gugliesi Francesca; Gariglio Marisa; De Andrea Marco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1607562
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