The effect of anodic pH on Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) inoculated with marine consortia was investigated to characterize the microbial community adaptation to possible pH environmental changes and to define the pH extreme boundaries beyond which MFCs do not run properly. Tests were conducted in triplicate using different feeding pH values (pHfeed) ranging from 3 to 13. The MFCs inoculated with marine consortia had a strong self-regulation ability and actively counterbalanced small variations in pHfeedmaintaining the pH inside the anodic chamber (pHanode) close to neutrality. As soon as the pHanodedeviated from neutrality it affected MFCs' performances. Alkaline conditions with pHanodevalues between 8 and 10 corresponded to the formation of a denser biofilm together with the best performance in terms of maximum power density (Pmax). Conversely, when the pHanodereached values lower than 5.5 or higher than 10, a sharp drop in MFC performances, as well as a decrease of viable population, were observed. Interestingly, the system was able to survive these extreme conditions and restart working effectively when neutrality was reset. The obtained results underline the high adaptability and recovery ability of anodic marine consortia even in extreme conditions, suggesting the employment of this inoculum for MFC applications as biosensors for on-site seawater monitoring or as power supply units to be installed in remote area.

Effects of pH variations on anodic marine consortia in a dual chamber microbial fuel cell

ARMATO, CATERINA;SCHILIRO', Tiziana;
2017

Abstract

The effect of anodic pH on Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) inoculated with marine consortia was investigated to characterize the microbial community adaptation to possible pH environmental changes and to define the pH extreme boundaries beyond which MFCs do not run properly. Tests were conducted in triplicate using different feeding pH values (pHfeed) ranging from 3 to 13. The MFCs inoculated with marine consortia had a strong self-regulation ability and actively counterbalanced small variations in pHfeedmaintaining the pH inside the anodic chamber (pHanode) close to neutrality. As soon as the pHanodedeviated from neutrality it affected MFCs' performances. Alkaline conditions with pHanodevalues between 8 and 10 corresponded to the formation of a denser biofilm together with the best performance in terms of maximum power density (Pmax). Conversely, when the pHanodereached values lower than 5.5 or higher than 10, a sharp drop in MFC performances, as well as a decrease of viable population, were observed. Interestingly, the system was able to survive these extreme conditions and restart working effectively when neutrality was reset. The obtained results underline the high adaptability and recovery ability of anodic marine consortia even in extreme conditions, suggesting the employment of this inoculum for MFC applications as biosensors for on-site seawater monitoring or as power supply units to be installed in remote area.
42
3
1820
1829
http://www.journals.elsevier.com/international-journal-of-hydrogen-energy/
Anodic pH; Anodic potential; Biofilm morphology; Marine consortia; Self-regulating ability; Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment; Fuel Technology; Condensed Matter Physics; Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Margaria, Valentina; Tommasi, Tonia; Pentassuglia, Simona; Agostino, Valeria; Sacco, Adriano; Armato, Caterina; Chiodoni, Angelica; Schilirò, Tiziana; Quaglio, Marzia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1631610
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