In a recent interesting case report, Saborit et al. reported three cases of ovarian involvement in Crohn's disease (CD). In the first two cases, there were pelvic abscesses due to fistulae of ileal loops affected by CD, with involvement of the right ovary, which also showed abscesses and typical granulomas. In the third case there was an ovarian abscess, extension of the process by contiguity. Granulomatous affectation of the ovaries is rare, with only 18 cases reported in the literature to date. Of this, in 17 cases the proposed mechanism of disease manifestation is direct fistulization between the small intestine and the ovary, which allows passage of vegetable material and results in the formation of reactive granulomas. In only one case a patient that did not demonstrate the histological features of either fistula-related disease (an intact ovarian capsule was found) or idiopathic granulomatous disease caused by the multiplicity of the granulomas and the presence of central necrosis has been reported. The authors therefore suggested that their findings were consistent with a diagnosis of metastatic CD of the ovary.

Adnexal localization of crohn’s disease and recurrent massive ovary cysts

RIBALDONE, Davide Giuseppe;CONTI, Luca;
2016

Abstract

In a recent interesting case report, Saborit et al. reported three cases of ovarian involvement in Crohn's disease (CD). In the first two cases, there were pelvic abscesses due to fistulae of ileal loops affected by CD, with involvement of the right ovary, which also showed abscesses and typical granulomas. In the third case there was an ovarian abscess, extension of the process by contiguity. Granulomatous affectation of the ovaries is rare, with only 18 cases reported in the literature to date. Of this, in 17 cases the proposed mechanism of disease manifestation is direct fistulization between the small intestine and the ovary, which allows passage of vegetable material and results in the formation of reactive granulomas. In only one case a patient that did not demonstrate the histological features of either fistula-related disease (an intact ovarian capsule was found) or idiopathic granulomatous disease caused by the multiplicity of the granulomas and the presence of central necrosis has been reported. The authors therefore suggested that their findings were consistent with a diagnosis of metastatic CD of the ovary.
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http://scielo.isciii.es/pdf/diges/v108n8/cartas3.pdf
Crohn’s disease; Gynecological manifestations; Ovary;
Ribaldone D.G.; Conti L.; Resegotti A.; Astegiano M.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1632789
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