The germline encoded proteins serving as "pattern recognition receptors" (PRRs) constitute the earliest step in the innate immune response by recognizing the "pathogen-associated molecular patterns" (PAMPs) that comprise microbe nucleic acids and proteins usually absent from healthy hosts. Upon detection of exogenous nucleic acid two different innate immunity signaling cascades are activated. The first culminates in the production of chemokines, cytokines, and type I interferons (IFN-I), while the second leads to inflammasome complex formation. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a member of the -herpesvirus subfamily, is a wide spread pathogen that infects a vast majority of the world's population. The virion has an icosahedral capsid that contains a linear dsDNA genome of approximately 240 kb, surrounded by an outer lipid envelope and a proteinaceous tegument containing several viral proteins. Despite the numerous and multifaceted antiviral effects of IFNs and cytokines, HCMV is able to invade, multiply, and establish persistent infection in healthy human hosts. To achieve this goal the virus has developed different strategies to block the IFN-I response and to alter the physiological outcomes of the IFN-inducible genes. This article focuses on HCMV tegument pp65 by reviewing its mechanisms of action in favoring virus evasion from the host innate immune response.

The human cytomegalovirus tegument protein pp65 (pUL83): a key player in innate immune evasion

Biolatti, Matteo
First
;
Dell'Oste, Valentina;De Andrea, Marco;Landolfo, Santo
Last
2018

Abstract

The germline encoded proteins serving as "pattern recognition receptors" (PRRs) constitute the earliest step in the innate immune response by recognizing the "pathogen-associated molecular patterns" (PAMPs) that comprise microbe nucleic acids and proteins usually absent from healthy hosts. Upon detection of exogenous nucleic acid two different innate immunity signaling cascades are activated. The first culminates in the production of chemokines, cytokines, and type I interferons (IFN-I), while the second leads to inflammasome complex formation. Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a member of the -herpesvirus subfamily, is a wide spread pathogen that infects a vast majority of the world's population. The virion has an icosahedral capsid that contains a linear dsDNA genome of approximately 240 kb, surrounded by an outer lipid envelope and a proteinaceous tegument containing several viral proteins. Despite the numerous and multifaceted antiviral effects of IFNs and cytokines, HCMV is able to invade, multiply, and establish persistent infection in healthy human hosts. To achieve this goal the virus has developed different strategies to block the IFN-I response and to alter the physiological outcomes of the IFN-inducible genes. This article focuses on HCMV tegument pp65 by reviewing its mechanisms of action in favoring virus evasion from the host innate immune response.
41
1
1
10
DNA sensors; antiviral defense; human cytomegalovirus (HCMV); intrinsic immunity; pp65; restriction factors; tegument proteins; viral escape mechanisms
Biolatti, Matteo; Dell'Oste, Valentina; De Andrea, Marco; Landolfo, Santo
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
496M999.pdf

Accesso aperto

Descrizione: articolo principale
Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 810.59 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
810.59 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1661561
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 11
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 13
social impact