Introduction In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the use of air ionizers to control the spread of airborne infections. Bacteria and viruses attached to air particles circling in a room can be charged by ions, so they fall out and are removed from the air. Furthermore, negative and positive ions have been shown to have microbicidal effects on various bacterial and fungal species. Thereby the use of ionizers may contribute to disinfecting the atmosphere and stopping the transmission of microorganisms. The aim of this study was to determine if the sensitivity of bacteria to ions could be influenced by variation in experimental parameters. Materials and methods An ionizer producing positive and negative ions was used to determine potential effect on bacterial cells related to: 1) bacterial type; 2) bacterial load; 3) action area and 4) distance of the ion generator. Hence, ion effects on Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram negative (Escherichia coli) ATCC bacteria, at two different concentrations (104 and 107 UFC/ml) have been studied. Bacteria were plated on Petri dishes of two different diameter (90 or 150 mm) and placed at two different distances from the ionizer (5 or 10 cm), for different incubation times (1, 3, 8, 12 hours) in aerobic sterile conditions at room temperature and constant relative humidity. Results The average concentration of positive and negative ions emitted by the ionizer was 12 million ions/cm3 at 5cm of distance and 2.6 million ions/cm3 at 10cm of distance. The results evidenced a promising efficacy of ions on both the Gram positive or negative bacterium. A more significant (p<0.05) ion activity was observed on S. aureus both at 104 or 107 UFC/ml, independently from the distance from the ionizer and from the plate diameter, already starting from 3 hours of incubation and up to 12 hours. Discussion and Conclusions: These results indicate that negative and positive ions are responsible for reducing bacterial survival in different experimental conditions, suggesting the ionizer use as a promising alternative treatment for a microbial load reduction in various fields, such as healthcare facilities, with the potential to reduce the amount of antimicrobials used.

Alternative strategies to reduce the presence of potential pathogens by using negative and positive ions

S. Comini;F. Menotti;V. Allizond;M. R. Iannantuoni;G. Banche;A. M. Cuffini
2019

Abstract

Introduction In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the use of air ionizers to control the spread of airborne infections. Bacteria and viruses attached to air particles circling in a room can be charged by ions, so they fall out and are removed from the air. Furthermore, negative and positive ions have been shown to have microbicidal effects on various bacterial and fungal species. Thereby the use of ionizers may contribute to disinfecting the atmosphere and stopping the transmission of microorganisms. The aim of this study was to determine if the sensitivity of bacteria to ions could be influenced by variation in experimental parameters. Materials and methods An ionizer producing positive and negative ions was used to determine potential effect on bacterial cells related to: 1) bacterial type; 2) bacterial load; 3) action area and 4) distance of the ion generator. Hence, ion effects on Gram positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram negative (Escherichia coli) ATCC bacteria, at two different concentrations (104 and 107 UFC/ml) have been studied. Bacteria were plated on Petri dishes of two different diameter (90 or 150 mm) and placed at two different distances from the ionizer (5 or 10 cm), for different incubation times (1, 3, 8, 12 hours) in aerobic sterile conditions at room temperature and constant relative humidity. Results The average concentration of positive and negative ions emitted by the ionizer was 12 million ions/cm3 at 5cm of distance and 2.6 million ions/cm3 at 10cm of distance. The results evidenced a promising efficacy of ions on both the Gram positive or negative bacterium. A more significant (p<0.05) ion activity was observed on S. aureus both at 104 or 107 UFC/ml, independently from the distance from the ionizer and from the plate diameter, already starting from 3 hours of incubation and up to 12 hours. Discussion and Conclusions: These results indicate that negative and positive ions are responsible for reducing bacterial survival in different experimental conditions, suggesting the ionizer use as a promising alternative treatment for a microbial load reduction in various fields, such as healthcare facilities, with the potential to reduce the amount of antimicrobials used.
47° Congresso Nazionale SIM
Roma
18-21 settembre 2019
Abstract Book
SIM
108
108
https://www.societasim.it/congresso2020/
S. Comini, F. Menotti, M.C. Cuomo, A.G. Musumeci, V. Allizond, M.R. Iannantuoni, G. Banche, A.M. Cuffini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1716280
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