Background Despite the increasing number of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) procedures worldwide, no guideline assessed postoperative mobilization protocols. Lacking evidences in literature, many centers require 24-hours immobilization and bed rest to minimize the risk of pacing lead (PL) dislodgement. Prolonged immobilization may futilely delay discharge, induce pain and reduced joint mobility especially in elderly patients. We examined whether early mobilization at 3-hour after CIED surgery would result in higher complication rates, compared with standard 24-hour immobilization. Methods Consecutive patients undergoing CIED implantation were randomized to early (3-hours) mobilization protocol with an arm sling support (E-motion group, EMG) vs. standard (24-hours) immobilization (control group, CG). The primary end-point was 24-month PL dislodgement. Secondary safety end-point was any major intra-procedural complication (cardiac perforation, pericardial tamponade, valve damage, haemothorax, pneumothorax, myocardial infarction, peripheral embolus, TIA/stroke or death). Results Among 200 enrolled patients, 86% underwent pacemaker implantation (28%single-chamber, 72%dual-chamber device), 14% underwent ICD implantation (75%single-chamber, 25%dual-chamber device). PL fixation was mostly passive (97% atrial PL, 88% ventricular PL), without differences between EMG and CG (p=0.99). No differences were observed in the incidence of 24-month PL dislodgement (3% in the EMG vs. 4% in the CG, p=0.99). No major intra-procedural complications were observed. Conclusions Early mobilization at 3-hours following CIED surgery is safe and feasible compared with standard immobilization and is not associated with an increased risk of intra-procedural complications or 24-month lead dislodgment. So, it might be possible same-day implantation and discharge.

Same-day CIED implantation and discharge: Is it possible? The E-MOTION trial (Early MObilization after pacemaker implantaTION)

Budano C.;Castagno D.;Bissolino A.;Andreis A.
;
Bergamasco L.;Marra S.;Gaita F.
2019-01-01

Abstract

Background Despite the increasing number of cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIED) procedures worldwide, no guideline assessed postoperative mobilization protocols. Lacking evidences in literature, many centers require 24-hours immobilization and bed rest to minimize the risk of pacing lead (PL) dislodgement. Prolonged immobilization may futilely delay discharge, induce pain and reduced joint mobility especially in elderly patients. We examined whether early mobilization at 3-hour after CIED surgery would result in higher complication rates, compared with standard 24-hour immobilization. Methods Consecutive patients undergoing CIED implantation were randomized to early (3-hours) mobilization protocol with an arm sling support (E-motion group, EMG) vs. standard (24-hours) immobilization (control group, CG). The primary end-point was 24-month PL dislodgement. Secondary safety end-point was any major intra-procedural complication (cardiac perforation, pericardial tamponade, valve damage, haemothorax, pneumothorax, myocardial infarction, peripheral embolus, TIA/stroke or death). Results Among 200 enrolled patients, 86% underwent pacemaker implantation (28%single-chamber, 72%dual-chamber device), 14% underwent ICD implantation (75%single-chamber, 25%dual-chamber device). PL fixation was mostly passive (97% atrial PL, 88% ventricular PL), without differences between EMG and CG (p=0.99). No differences were observed in the incidence of 24-month PL dislodgement (3% in the EMG vs. 4% in the CG, p=0.99). No major intra-procedural complications were observed. Conclusions Early mobilization at 3-hours following CIED surgery is safe and feasible compared with standard immobilization and is not associated with an increased risk of intra-procedural complications or 24-month lead dislodgment. So, it might be possible same-day implantation and discharge.
288
82
86
www.elsevier.com/locate/ijcard
Cardiac implantable electronic device; Implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator; Pacemaker
Budano C.; Garrone P.; Castagno D.; Bissolino A.; Andreis A.; Bertolo L.; Mazzini D.; Bergamasco L.; Marra S.; Gaita F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1726050
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