Background: There is no univocal prophylactic regimen to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection/disease in lung transplantation (LT) recipients. The aim of this study is to evaluate short-term clinical outcomes of a tailored combined CMV management approach. Methods: After 1-year follow up, 43 LT patients receiving combined CMV prophylaxis with antiviral agents and CMV-specific IgG were evaluated in a retrospective observational study. Systemic and lung viral infections were investigated by molecular methods on a total of 1134 whole blood and 167 bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and biopsy specimens. CMV immunity was assessed by ELISPOT assay. Clinical and therapeutic data were also evaluated. Results: We found 2/167 cases of CMV pneumonia (1.2%), both in the donor-positive/recipient-positive (D+/R+) population, and 51/167 cases of CMV pulmonary infection (BAL positivity 30.5%). However, only 32/167 patients (19.1%) were treated due to their weak immunological response at CMV ELISPOT assay. Viremia ⩾100,000 copies/mL occurred in 33/1134 specimens (2.9%). Regarding CMV-serological matching (D/R), the D+/R– population had more CMV viremia episodes (p < 0.05) and fewer viremia-free days (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Compared to previous findings, our study shows a lower incidence of CMV pneumonia and viremia despite the presence of a substantial CMV load. In addition, our findings further confirm the D+/R– group to be a high-risk population for CMV viremia. Overall, a good immunological response seems to protect patients from CMV viremia and pneumonia but not from CMV alveolar replication. The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.

Tailored combined cytomegalovirus management in lung transplantation: a retrospective analysis

Solidoro P.;Patrucco F.;Verri G.;Sidoti F.;Curtoni A.;Boffini M.;Rinaldi M.;Cavallo R.
Co-last
;
Costa C.
2019

Abstract

Background: There is no univocal prophylactic regimen to prevent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection/disease in lung transplantation (LT) recipients. The aim of this study is to evaluate short-term clinical outcomes of a tailored combined CMV management approach. Methods: After 1-year follow up, 43 LT patients receiving combined CMV prophylaxis with antiviral agents and CMV-specific IgG were evaluated in a retrospective observational study. Systemic and lung viral infections were investigated by molecular methods on a total of 1134 whole blood and 167 bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and biopsy specimens. CMV immunity was assessed by ELISPOT assay. Clinical and therapeutic data were also evaluated. Results: We found 2/167 cases of CMV pneumonia (1.2%), both in the donor-positive/recipient-positive (D+/R+) population, and 51/167 cases of CMV pulmonary infection (BAL positivity 30.5%). However, only 32/167 patients (19.1%) were treated due to their weak immunological response at CMV ELISPOT assay. Viremia ⩾100,000 copies/mL occurred in 33/1134 specimens (2.9%). Regarding CMV-serological matching (D/R), the D+/R– population had more CMV viremia episodes (p < 0.05) and fewer viremia-free days (p < 0.001). Conclusions: Compared to previous findings, our study shows a lower incidence of CMV pneumonia and viremia despite the presence of a substantial CMV load. In addition, our findings further confirm the D+/R– group to be a high-risk population for CMV viremia. Overall, a good immunological response seems to protect patients from CMV viremia and pneumonia but not from CMV alveolar replication. The reviews of this paper are available via the supplemental material section.
13
1753466619878555
1753466619878555
http://www.sagepub.co.uk
CMV ELISPOT; CMV pulmonary infection; CMV viremia; cytomegalovirus; lung transplant; prophylaxis
Solidoro P.; Patrucco F.; Libertucci D.; Verri G.; Sidoti F.; Curtoni A.; Boffini M.; Simonato E.; Rinaldi M.; Cavallo R.; Costa C.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1730942
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