Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a common opportunistic pathogen of significant clinical importance, targets immunocompromised individuals of the human population worldwide. The absence of a licensed vaccine and the low efficacy of currently available drugs remain a barrier to combating the global infection. The HCMV's ability to modulate and escape innate immune responses remains a critical step in the ongoing search for potential drug targets. Here, we describe the complex interplay between HCMV and the host immune system, focusing on different evasion strategies that the virus has employed to subvert innate immune responses. We especially highlight the mechanisms and role of host antiviral restriction factors and provide insights into viral modulation of pro-inflammatory NF-κB and interferon signaling pathways.

Catch me if you can: the arms race between human cytomegalovirus and the innate immune system [Ganna Galitska*, Matteo Biolatti*, equal contribution)

Ganna Galitska‡;Matteo Biolatti‡
Co-first
;
Gloria Griffante;Francesca Gugliesi;Selina Pasquero;Valentina Dell'Oste;Santo Landolfo
Last
2019

Abstract

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a common opportunistic pathogen of significant clinical importance, targets immunocompromised individuals of the human population worldwide. The absence of a licensed vaccine and the low efficacy of currently available drugs remain a barrier to combating the global infection. The HCMV's ability to modulate and escape innate immune responses remains a critical step in the ongoing search for potential drug targets. Here, we describe the complex interplay between HCMV and the host immune system, focusing on different evasion strategies that the virus has employed to subvert innate immune responses. We especially highlight the mechanisms and role of host antiviral restriction factors and provide insights into viral modulation of pro-inflammatory NF-κB and interferon signaling pathways.
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https://www.futuremedicine.com/doi/abs/10.2217/fvl-2018-0189
human cytomegalovirus, immune modulation, innate immunity, interferon, NF-κB signaling, restriction factors, viral evasion
Ganna Galitska‡, Matteo Biolatti‡, Gloria Griffante, Francesca Gugliesi, Selina Pasquero, Valentina Dell'Oste, Santo Landolfo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/1738635
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