It is well known that the response of individuals to disease varies, either because of unpredictable exogenous events, such as possibly unknown environmental effects, or just because of endogenous factors, i.e. different genetic background. In particular, when a treatment effectiveness has to be validated, the individual variability should be taken into account by exploiting stochastic models. Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) is an unpredictable and complex disease, whose random behaviour perfectly fits the study with stochastic models. RRMS is the most common form of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), an immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, characterized by alternate episodes of symptom exacerbation (relapses) with periods of disease stability (remission). Several treatments were proposed to contrast the disease progression. Among these, Daclizumab initially exhibited promising results. However, due to the risk of serious side effects the treatment has been retired. We propose a stochastic and an hybrid extension, based on a generalization of the high level Petri Net formalism, of an existing model of Daclizumab effects on RRMS. The model is developed to investigate the complex mechanisms and unpredictable behaviour characterizing the RRMS disease and its relapsing, especially under the Daclizumab administration.

Exploiting Stochastic Petri Net formalism to capture the Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis variability under Daclizumab administration

Pernice S.
First
;
Romano G.;Beccuti M.;
2019-01-01

Abstract

It is well known that the response of individuals to disease varies, either because of unpredictable exogenous events, such as possibly unknown environmental effects, or just because of endogenous factors, i.e. different genetic background. In particular, when a treatment effectiveness has to be validated, the individual variability should be taken into account by exploiting stochastic models. Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) is an unpredictable and complex disease, whose random behaviour perfectly fits the study with stochastic models. RRMS is the most common form of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), an immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, characterized by alternate episodes of symptom exacerbation (relapses) with periods of disease stability (remission). Several treatments were proposed to contrast the disease progression. Among these, Daclizumab initially exhibited promising results. However, due to the risk of serious side effects the treatment has been retired. We propose a stochastic and an hybrid extension, based on a generalization of the high level Petri Net formalism, of an existing model of Daclizumab effects on RRMS. The model is developed to investigate the complex mechanisms and unpredictable behaviour characterizing the RRMS disease and its relapsing, especially under the Daclizumab administration.
2019
2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
usa
2019
Proceedings - 2019 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2019
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
2168
2175
978-1-7281-1867-3
Computational modeling; Multiple Sclerosis; Petri Net; Stochastic modeling
Pernice S.; Romano G.; Russo G.; Beccuti M.; Pennisi M.; Pappalardo F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1765787
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