The European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a tree nut that is mainly produced in Turkey, Italy and USA and used by the confectionery industry to obtain sweets and chocolate spreads. Among all the known cultivars/origins, the "Tonda Gentile Trilobata" from Piedmont (Italy) is highly appreciated due to its organoleptic properties and considered, for many applications, as a "Gold standard". Although the use of marker compounds is widely used in food quality evaluation, the fingerprinting methodology could provide additional information related to hazelnut quality by making use of non-explicit information embedded in the instrumental fingerprint. In this work, the instrument-agnostic fingerprints obtained from the analysis of volatile organic compounds present in hazelnuts using GC-MS were used to evaluate the differences among samples from the Italian Piedmont region and other hazelnut samples of industrial interest from different regions of Italy and Turkey. The PCA revealed that the differences contained in the instrument-agnostic fingerprint were due to country of origin, growing region, storage time and conditions of each sample. Three classification models (SIMCA, PLS-DA, and SVM) were developed to distinguish Piedmont samples from the remaining ones. After testing several data pre-processing methods, PLS-DA and SVM were the best performing classification algorithms.

Application of chemometric tools combined with instrument-agnostic GC-fingerprinting for hazelnut quality assessment

Squara S.;Cordero C.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

The European hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) is a tree nut that is mainly produced in Turkey, Italy and USA and used by the confectionery industry to obtain sweets and chocolate spreads. Among all the known cultivars/origins, the "Tonda Gentile Trilobata" from Piedmont (Italy) is highly appreciated due to its organoleptic properties and considered, for many applications, as a "Gold standard". Although the use of marker compounds is widely used in food quality evaluation, the fingerprinting methodology could provide additional information related to hazelnut quality by making use of non-explicit information embedded in the instrumental fingerprint. In this work, the instrument-agnostic fingerprints obtained from the analysis of volatile organic compounds present in hazelnuts using GC-MS were used to evaluate the differences among samples from the Italian Piedmont region and other hazelnut samples of industrial interest from different regions of Italy and Turkey. The PCA revealed that the differences contained in the instrument-agnostic fingerprint were due to country of origin, growing region, storage time and conditions of each sample. Three classification models (SIMCA, PLS-DA, and SVM) were developed to distinguish Piedmont samples from the remaining ones. After testing several data pre-processing methods, PLS-DA and SVM were the best performing classification algorithms.
115
1
9
Fingerprint methodology Hazelnut instrument-agnostic fingerprints Hazelnut quality Pre-processing Chemometrics tools
Ortega-Gavilan F.; Squara S.; Cordero C.; Cuadros-Rodriguez L.; Bagur-Gonzalez M.G.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0889157522005221-main.pdf

Accesso riservato

Descrizione: full-text
Tipo di file: PDF EDITORIALE
Dimensione 2.78 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.78 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/1875622
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact