The efficacy of an antimicrobial agent in the treatment of infections depends upon the interactions of bacteria, antibiotic and phagocytes. The influence of ceftriaxone on the phagocytic and bactericidal activity of human macrophages in vitro and ex vivo was investigated. At concentrations one-half the minimum inhibitory concentration (1/2 x MIC) the antibiotic caused in vitro a significant enhancement of phagocytosis and a reduction in the survival of intracellular Staphylococcus aureus. The distinction between any effect of ceftriaxone on the staphylococci and the macrophages was made by exposure of each of them to the antibiotic before they were incubated together. The results suggest that ceftriaxone may have a direct positive action on macrophages, possibly by interfering with the cellular membrane functions and hence enhancing engulfment of bacteria. The ex vivo data seem to corroborate this hypothesis.

Effect of ceftriaxone on the phagocytosis and intracellular killing of Staphylococcus aureus by human macrophages.

TULLIO, Viviana Cristina;CUFFINI, Annamaria;CAVALLO, Rossana;CARLONE, Nicola
1994

Abstract

The efficacy of an antimicrobial agent in the treatment of infections depends upon the interactions of bacteria, antibiotic and phagocytes. The influence of ceftriaxone on the phagocytic and bactericidal activity of human macrophages in vitro and ex vivo was investigated. At concentrations one-half the minimum inhibitory concentration (1/2 x MIC) the antibiotic caused in vitro a significant enhancement of phagocytosis and a reduction in the survival of intracellular Staphylococcus aureus. The distinction between any effect of ceftriaxone on the staphylococci and the macrophages was made by exposure of each of them to the antibiotic before they were incubated together. The results suggest that ceftriaxone may have a direct positive action on macrophages, possibly by interfering with the cellular membrane functions and hence enhancing engulfment of bacteria. The ex vivo data seem to corroborate this hypothesis.
6
177
183
TULLIO V ;CUFFINI AM ;CAVALLO R ;ALLOCCO A ;CARLONE NA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/29926
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