Ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) is a non-invasive marker of atherosclerosis, helpful to identify subjects at high-risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) among large populations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. The diagnostic role of ABPI has been also recognized in patients with diabetes. In the present study, the role of an ABPI score < 0.90 in predicting CHD has been evaluated in a large series of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and compared to other known CVD risk factors. Nine hundred and sixty-nine (mean age was 66.1 yr) consecutive patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus were evaluated. The patients were followed-up for 18.3+/-5.2 months (range 12- 24) and all events of CHD, defined as myocardial infarction, unstable and resting angina or coronary atherosclerosis at the instrumental investigation (at the coronary angiography and/or perfusion stress testing) were recorded. A rate of 17.5% of CHD events were recorded in diabetic population during the follow-up period. The relative risk of CHD was significantly increased for male patients [odds ratio (OR): 1.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-2.2], patients with age > or = 66 yr (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.3-2.5), body mass index (BMI) > 30 (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1-2.1), waist circumference > 88 cm for females and 102 cm for males (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0-2.1), proteinuria > or = 30 microg per min (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), LDL-cholesterol > or = 100 mg/dl (OR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.5-3.0), glycated hemoglobin > 7% (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), insulin therapy (OR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3-2.9), and ABPI < 0.90 (OR: 3.7; 95% CI: 2.2- 6.2). BMI was higher in patients with ABPI < 0.90 than in those with ABPI > or = 0.90 (p<0.05). At the multivariate analysis, ABPI < 0.90 was the best factor independently associated with CHD (p<0.001). APBI < 0.90 is strongly associated to CHD in Type 2 diabetic patients. We recommend to use ABPI in diabetic patients and to carefully monitor diabetic subjects with an ABPI lower than 0.90.

Ankle brachial pressure index usefulness as predictor factor for coronary heart disease in diabetic patients.

GHIGO, Ezio;BENSO, Andrea Silvio;
2007-01-01

Abstract

Ankle brachial pressure index (ABPI) is a non-invasive marker of atherosclerosis, helpful to identify subjects at high-risk for coronary heart disease (CHD) among large populations with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. The diagnostic role of ABPI has been also recognized in patients with diabetes. In the present study, the role of an ABPI score < 0.90 in predicting CHD has been evaluated in a large series of patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and compared to other known CVD risk factors. Nine hundred and sixty-nine (mean age was 66.1 yr) consecutive patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus were evaluated. The patients were followed-up for 18.3+/-5.2 months (range 12- 24) and all events of CHD, defined as myocardial infarction, unstable and resting angina or coronary atherosclerosis at the instrumental investigation (at the coronary angiography and/or perfusion stress testing) were recorded. A rate of 17.5% of CHD events were recorded in diabetic population during the follow-up period. The relative risk of CHD was significantly increased for male patients [odds ratio (OR): 1.6; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1-2.2], patients with age > or = 66 yr (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.3-2.5), body mass index (BMI) > 30 (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.1-2.1), waist circumference > 88 cm for females and 102 cm for males (OR: 1.5; 95% CI: 1.0-2.1), proteinuria > or = 30 microg per min (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), LDL-cholesterol > or = 100 mg/dl (OR: 2.1; 95% CI: 1.5-3.0), glycated hemoglobin > 7% (OR: 1.6; 95% CI: 1.1-2.3), insulin therapy (OR: 1.9; 95% CI: 1.3-2.9), and ABPI < 0.90 (OR: 3.7; 95% CI: 2.2- 6.2). BMI was higher in patients with ABPI < 0.90 than in those with ABPI > or = 0.90 (p<0.05). At the multivariate analysis, ABPI < 0.90 was the best factor independently associated with CHD (p<0.001). APBI < 0.90 is strongly associated to CHD in Type 2 diabetic patients. We recommend to use ABPI in diabetic patients and to carefully monitor diabetic subjects with an ABPI lower than 0.90.
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FILIPPELLA M ;LILLAZ E ;CICCARELLI A ;GIARDINA S ;MASSIMETTI E ;NAVARETTA F ;ANTICO A ;VERONESI M ;LOMBARDI G ;COLAO A ;GHIGO E ;BENSO A ;DOVERI G
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/34130
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