CRH inhibits the secretion of gonadotropins by activating endogenous opioids, whereas alpha MSH, which displays various behavioral and neuroendocrine effects contrary to those of the opioids, stimulates their release. To evaluate the possible interaction of CRH and alpha MSH, eight women in the luteal phase underwent the following tests: 1) ovine CRH infused at 100 micrograms/h for 3 h, 2) alpha MSH (2.5 mg as an iv bolus 60 min after the start of saline infusion), 3) CRH plus alpha MSH (injected 60 min after the start of CRH infusion), and 4) placebo. LH, FSH, PRL, ACTH, and cortisol were determined every 15 min for 180 min. CRH significantly (P < 0.001) reduced serum LH. alpha MSH alone significantly (P < 0.001) increased LH to a peak within 15-30 min (baseline, 3.3 +/- 0.7 mIU/mL; maximum increase, 3.5 +/- 0.9 mIU/mL) and induced an even greater rise when injected during the CRH infusion (baseline, 2.8 +/- 03 mIU/mL; maximum increase 7.5 +/- 1.6 mIU/mL; P < 0.05 vs. alpha MSH alone). FSH was always unaffected. ACTH and cortisol increased (P < 0.001) during the CRH infusion and fell significantly (P < 0.001) during the placebo infusion. alpha MSH had no effect on these changes. PRL fell during the placebo infusion (P < 0.001). No changes were induced by CRH or alpha MSH. In conclusion, alpha MSH antagonizes CRH inhibition of LH secretion. This finding lends support to the view that differential posttranslational processing of POMC contributes to the regulation of LH secretion. Further investigation is needed to clarify the mechanism of the antagonism between alpha MSH and CRH.

Alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone antagonizes the inhibitory effect of corticotropin-releasing hormone on luteinizing hormone secretion during the luteal phase in normal women.

DENTELLI, Patrizia;ISAIA, Giovanni Carlo;
1994

Abstract

CRH inhibits the secretion of gonadotropins by activating endogenous opioids, whereas alpha MSH, which displays various behavioral and neuroendocrine effects contrary to those of the opioids, stimulates their release. To evaluate the possible interaction of CRH and alpha MSH, eight women in the luteal phase underwent the following tests: 1) ovine CRH infused at 100 micrograms/h for 3 h, 2) alpha MSH (2.5 mg as an iv bolus 60 min after the start of saline infusion), 3) CRH plus alpha MSH (injected 60 min after the start of CRH infusion), and 4) placebo. LH, FSH, PRL, ACTH, and cortisol were determined every 15 min for 180 min. CRH significantly (P < 0.001) reduced serum LH. alpha MSH alone significantly (P < 0.001) increased LH to a peak within 15-30 min (baseline, 3.3 +/- 0.7 mIU/mL; maximum increase, 3.5 +/- 0.9 mIU/mL) and induced an even greater rise when injected during the CRH infusion (baseline, 2.8 +/- 03 mIU/mL; maximum increase 7.5 +/- 1.6 mIU/mL; P < 0.05 vs. alpha MSH alone). FSH was always unaffected. ACTH and cortisol increased (P < 0.001) during the CRH infusion and fell significantly (P < 0.001) during the placebo infusion. alpha MSH had no effect on these changes. PRL fell during the placebo infusion (P < 0.001). No changes were induced by CRH or alpha MSH. In conclusion, alpha MSH antagonizes CRH inhibition of LH secretion. This finding lends support to the view that differential posttranslational processing of POMC contributes to the regulation of LH secretion. Further investigation is needed to clarify the mechanism of the antagonism between alpha MSH and CRH.
79
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575
LIMONE P ;SCIPIONI T ;CALVELLI P ;SCAGLIONE E ;BARBERIS AM ;DENTELLI P ;ISAIA GC ;MOLINATTI GM
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/35037
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