A multiplex nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed for detecting and differentiating simultaneously the DNA of polyomaviruses JC, BK, and SV40 in a single tube. In the first amplification step the same set of primers was used to amplify a conserved DNA region of the large T antigen gene of JCV, BKV, and SV40. The second round was carried out using a set of primers designed to obtain products of different size for each related virus. Subsequently, the sensitivity of the multiplex nested PCR was maximized by optimizing parameters such as primer, magnesium, and dNTP concentrations. The sensitivity of the method ranged between 1 and 10 copies of the polyomavirus genome. The assay was then used for detecting polyomavirus DNA in urine, serum, and biopsy specimens from renal transplant recipients. Based on the results obtained, the multiplex nested PCR developed in our study represents a useful tool for supporting the diagnosis of polyomavirus infection and could be used for epidemiological purposes and to better define the role of polyomaviruses in human pathology.

Detection and typing of BKV, JCV, and SV40 by multiplex nested polymerase chain reaction

BERGALLO, Massimiliano;COSTA C;SIDOTI, Francesca;SEGOLONI, Giuseppe;NEGRO PONZI, Alessandro;CAVALLO, Rossana
2007

Abstract

A multiplex nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was developed for detecting and differentiating simultaneously the DNA of polyomaviruses JC, BK, and SV40 in a single tube. In the first amplification step the same set of primers was used to amplify a conserved DNA region of the large T antigen gene of JCV, BKV, and SV40. The second round was carried out using a set of primers designed to obtain products of different size for each related virus. Subsequently, the sensitivity of the multiplex nested PCR was maximized by optimizing parameters such as primer, magnesium, and dNTP concentrations. The sensitivity of the method ranged between 1 and 10 copies of the polyomavirus genome. The assay was then used for detecting polyomavirus DNA in urine, serum, and biopsy specimens from renal transplant recipients. Based on the results obtained, the multiplex nested PCR developed in our study represents a useful tool for supporting the diagnosis of polyomavirus infection and could be used for epidemiological purposes and to better define the role of polyomaviruses in human pathology.
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BERGALLO M.; COSTA C; MARGIO S; SIDOTI F; SEGOLONI GP; NEGRO PONZI A; CAVALLO R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/37079
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