To ascertain whether alterations of lymphocyte switching off may be associated with clustering of autoimmune diseases in children, Fas- and C2-ceramide-induced cell death was evaluated on T cell lines derived from three patients affected by clustering of autoimmune disorders. Three patterns were found: patient 3 was resistant to Fas- and C2-ceramide, patient 1 was resistant to Fas, but sensitive to C2-ceramide, patient 2 was resistant to C2-ceramide, but sensitive to Fas. By contrast, Fas- and C2-ceramide-induced cell death was normal in five children with systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, five children with insulin-dependent diabetes and 10 age-matched healthy controls. Surface expression of Fas was low in patient 1, but normal in patients 2 and 3. Together with normal Fas transcripts, patients 2 and 3 displayed a transcript 152 bp longer than the normal one retaining intron 5. Our data indicate that polyreactive autoimmune syndromes may be associated with heterogeneous alteration of the immune response switching-off system.

Clustering of distinct autoimmune diseases associated with functional abnormalities of T cell survival in children.

RAMENGHI, Ugo;BRUSCO, Alfredo;DIANZANI, Irma;DIANZANI, Umberto
2000-01-01

Abstract

To ascertain whether alterations of lymphocyte switching off may be associated with clustering of autoimmune diseases in children, Fas- and C2-ceramide-induced cell death was evaluated on T cell lines derived from three patients affected by clustering of autoimmune disorders. Three patterns were found: patient 3 was resistant to Fas- and C2-ceramide, patient 1 was resistant to Fas, but sensitive to C2-ceramide, patient 2 was resistant to C2-ceramide, but sensitive to Fas. By contrast, Fas- and C2-ceramide-induced cell death was normal in five children with systemic juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, five children with insulin-dependent diabetes and 10 age-matched healthy controls. Surface expression of Fas was low in patient 1, but normal in patients 2 and 3. Together with normal Fas transcripts, patients 2 and 3 displayed a transcript 152 bp longer than the normal one retaining intron 5. Our data indicate that polyreactive autoimmune syndromes may be associated with heterogeneous alteration of the immune response switching-off system.
121(1)
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58
polyreactive autoimmune diseases; cell apoptosis; Fas
PIGNATA C; ALESSIO M; RAMENGHI U; BONISSONI S; DIFRANCO D; BRUSCO A; MATRECANO E; FRANZESE A; DIANZANI I; DIANZANI U
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/37099
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