The effects of interferon (IFN)-gamma or IFN-alpha/beta on virus yield, (2'-5')oligo(A) synthetase activation, H-2 antigen expression and proliferation of T lymphocytes have been investigated. Under the culture conditions used, vesicular stomatitis virus or Semliki Forest virus replication in T cells was not impaired by the addition of IFN-gamma, whereas it was completely inhibited by the addition of IFN-alpha/beta. In contrast, B cell lines, macrophage-transformed cell lines and fibroblasts were fully protected by both IFN-gamma as well as IFN-alpha/beta following virus infection. The lack of sensitivity of T lymphocytes to the antiviral effects of IFN-gamma was not due to absence of specific membrane receptors, since in saturation binding experiments with 125I-labeled murine IFN-gamma most T cell lines displayed a number of binding sites and a degree of affinity comparable to those found on B cells, which are fully sensitive to IFN-gamma antiviral activity. Analysis of IFN-induced dsRNA-dependent (2'-5')oligo(A) synthetase activity, one of the biochemical markers for cellular responses to IFN, showed that it was not induced in T lymphocytes after IFN-gamma treatment, whereas IFN-alpha/beta induced high levels. Both IFN-gamma and IFN-alpha/beta enhanced H-2 antigen expression on T cells as well as on cells of different histological type. Moreover, when IFN-gamma was tested for its antiproliferative activity on T cells, it was found to consistently potentiate the response of these cells to mitogens or growth factors, rather than inhibit their proliferation. Taken as a whole these results suggest that on T lymphocytes IFN-gamma should not be regarded as an antiviral agent, but rather as a modulator of T cell growth and functional differentiation, transducing intracellular signals dissimilar to those observed with target cells of different origin.

Interferon-gamma is not an antiviral, but a growth-promoting factor for T lymphocytes.

LANDOLFO, Santo Giuseppe;GARIGLIO, Marisa;GRIBAUDO, Giorgio;GIOVARELLI, Mirella;
1988

Abstract

The effects of interferon (IFN)-gamma or IFN-alpha/beta on virus yield, (2'-5')oligo(A) synthetase activation, H-2 antigen expression and proliferation of T lymphocytes have been investigated. Under the culture conditions used, vesicular stomatitis virus or Semliki Forest virus replication in T cells was not impaired by the addition of IFN-gamma, whereas it was completely inhibited by the addition of IFN-alpha/beta. In contrast, B cell lines, macrophage-transformed cell lines and fibroblasts were fully protected by both IFN-gamma as well as IFN-alpha/beta following virus infection. The lack of sensitivity of T lymphocytes to the antiviral effects of IFN-gamma was not due to absence of specific membrane receptors, since in saturation binding experiments with 125I-labeled murine IFN-gamma most T cell lines displayed a number of binding sites and a degree of affinity comparable to those found on B cells, which are fully sensitive to IFN-gamma antiviral activity. Analysis of IFN-induced dsRNA-dependent (2'-5')oligo(A) synthetase activity, one of the biochemical markers for cellular responses to IFN, showed that it was not induced in T lymphocytes after IFN-gamma treatment, whereas IFN-alpha/beta induced high levels. Both IFN-gamma and IFN-alpha/beta enhanced H-2 antigen expression on T cells as well as on cells of different histological type. Moreover, when IFN-gamma was tested for its antiproliferative activity on T cells, it was found to consistently potentiate the response of these cells to mitogens or growth factors, rather than inhibit their proliferation. Taken as a whole these results suggest that on T lymphocytes IFN-gamma should not be regarded as an antiviral agent, but rather as a modulator of T cell growth and functional differentiation, transducing intracellular signals dissimilar to those observed with target cells of different origin.
18
503
509
Landolfo S; Gariglio M; Gribaudo G; Jemma C; Giovarelli M; Cavallo G.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/37797
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