Cortistatin (CST) is a neuropeptide, which binds with high affinity all somatostatin (SS) receptor subtypes and shows high structural homology with SS itself. A receptor specific for CST only, i.e., not recognized by SS, has been recently described in agreement with data reporting that not all CST actions are shared by SS. Interestingly, CST but not SS also binds ghrelin receptor (GHS-R1a) in vitro, suggesting a potential interplay between CST and ghrelin system. The aim of this study was to investigate in humans the endocrine and metabolic activities of human CST-17 in comparison with rat CST-14 that has previously been shown to exert the same endocrine actions of SS in healthy volunteers. To this aim, in six healthy male volunteers (age [median, 3rd-97th centiles]: 28.5; 23.6-34.3 years; Body Mass Index: 23.5; 21.0-25.1 kg/m(2)), we studied the effects of human CST-17 (2.0 microg/kg/h iv over 120 min), rat CST-14 (2.0 microg/kg/h iv over 120 min) and SS-14 (2.0 microg/kg/h iv over 120 min) on: (a) spontaneous GH, ACTH, PRL, cortisol, insulin and glucose levels; (b) the GH responses to GHRH (1.0 microg/kg iv at 0 min); (c) the GH, PRL, ACTH, cortisol, insulin and glucose responses to ghrelin (1.0 microg/kg iv at 0 min). CST-17 inhibited (p < 0.01) basal GH secretion to the same extent of CST-14 and SS-14. Spontaneous PRL, ACTH and cortisol secretion were not significantly modified by CST-17, CST-14 or SS-14. CST-17 as well as CST-14 and SS-14 also inhibited (p < 0.05) spontaneous insulin secretion to a similar extent. None of these peptides modified glucose levels. The GH response to GHRH was inhibited to the same extent by CST-17 (p < 0.01), CST-14 (p < 0.01) and SS-14 (p < 0.05 ). The ghrelin-induced GH response was higher than that elicited by GHRH (p < 0.01) and inhibited by CST-17 (p < 0.05) as well as by CST-14 (p < 0.05) and SS-14 (p < 0.01). The PRL, ACTH and cortisol responses to ghrelin were unaffected by CST-17, CST-14 or SS-14. On the other hand, the inhibitory effect of ghrelin on insulin levels was abolished by CST-17, CST-14 or SS-14 (p < 0.05) that, in turn, did not modify the ghrelin-induced increase in glucose levels. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that human CST-17 and rat CST-14 exert the same endocrine activities of SS in humans. The endocrine actions of human and rat CST therefore are likely to reflect activation of classical SS receptors.

Cortistatin-17 and -14 exert the same endocrine activities as somatostatin in humans

BENSO, Andrea Silvio;GHIGO, Ezio;BROGLIO, Fabio
2004-01-01

Abstract

Cortistatin (CST) is a neuropeptide, which binds with high affinity all somatostatin (SS) receptor subtypes and shows high structural homology with SS itself. A receptor specific for CST only, i.e., not recognized by SS, has been recently described in agreement with data reporting that not all CST actions are shared by SS. Interestingly, CST but not SS also binds ghrelin receptor (GHS-R1a) in vitro, suggesting a potential interplay between CST and ghrelin system. The aim of this study was to investigate in humans the endocrine and metabolic activities of human CST-17 in comparison with rat CST-14 that has previously been shown to exert the same endocrine actions of SS in healthy volunteers. To this aim, in six healthy male volunteers (age [median, 3rd-97th centiles]: 28.5; 23.6-34.3 years; Body Mass Index: 23.5; 21.0-25.1 kg/m(2)), we studied the effects of human CST-17 (2.0 microg/kg/h iv over 120 min), rat CST-14 (2.0 microg/kg/h iv over 120 min) and SS-14 (2.0 microg/kg/h iv over 120 min) on: (a) spontaneous GH, ACTH, PRL, cortisol, insulin and glucose levels; (b) the GH responses to GHRH (1.0 microg/kg iv at 0 min); (c) the GH, PRL, ACTH, cortisol, insulin and glucose responses to ghrelin (1.0 microg/kg iv at 0 min). CST-17 inhibited (p < 0.01) basal GH secretion to the same extent of CST-14 and SS-14. Spontaneous PRL, ACTH and cortisol secretion were not significantly modified by CST-17, CST-14 or SS-14. CST-17 as well as CST-14 and SS-14 also inhibited (p < 0.05) spontaneous insulin secretion to a similar extent. None of these peptides modified glucose levels. The GH response to GHRH was inhibited to the same extent by CST-17 (p < 0.01), CST-14 (p < 0.01) and SS-14 (p < 0.05 ). The ghrelin-induced GH response was higher than that elicited by GHRH (p < 0.01) and inhibited by CST-17 (p < 0.05) as well as by CST-14 (p < 0.05) and SS-14 (p < 0.01). The PRL, ACTH and cortisol responses to ghrelin were unaffected by CST-17, CST-14 or SS-14. On the other hand, the inhibitory effect of ghrelin on insulin levels was abolished by CST-17, CST-14 or SS-14 (p < 0.05) that, in turn, did not modify the ghrelin-induced increase in glucose levels. In conclusion, this study demonstrates that human CST-17 and rat CST-14 exert the same endocrine activities of SS in humans. The endocrine actions of human and rat CST therefore are likely to reflect activation of classical SS receptors.
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GOTTERO C ;PRODAM F ;DESTEFANIS S ;BENSO A ;GAUNA C ;ME E ;FILTRI L ;RIGANTI F ;VAN DER LELY AJ ;GHIGO E ;BROGLIO F
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/37899
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