Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are a severe complication arising in solid organ transplant patients. A strong correlation between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, the grade and type of immunosuppression, and the development of PTLD has been recognized. This article describes the development of a double-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the quantification of EBV-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to monitor EBV infection. Screening of samples containing >/=10(3) viral genomes/10(5) peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or 100 micro L serum by a semiquantitative PCR assay is followed by quantification of the samples containing a high number of viral genomes in a quantitative-competitive (QC)-PCR assay.Screening by semiquantitative PCR selects samples with a high number of viral genomes for use in the more labor-intensive and expensive QC-PCR assay and thus provides a handy means for quantitative DNA analysis of large numbers of samples. Our double-step PCR assay can be employed in EBV viral load measurement in PBMC and serum samples to monitor transplanted patients at risk to develop PTLD.

Double-step PCR assay to quantify Epstein-Barr viral load in peripheral blood

BERGALLO, Massimiliano;MERLINO, Chiara;SINESI, Franca;NEGRO PONZI, Alessandro;CAVALLO, Rossana
2004

Abstract

Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD) are a severe complication arising in solid organ transplant patients. A strong correlation between Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, the grade and type of immunosuppression, and the development of PTLD has been recognized. This article describes the development of a double-step polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the quantification of EBV-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to monitor EBV infection. Screening of samples containing >/=10(3) viral genomes/10(5) peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) or 100 micro L serum by a semiquantitative PCR assay is followed by quantification of the samples containing a high number of viral genomes in a quantitative-competitive (QC)-PCR assay.Screening by semiquantitative PCR selects samples with a high number of viral genomes for use in the more labor-intensive and expensive QC-PCR assay and thus provides a handy means for quantitative DNA analysis of large numbers of samples. Our double-step PCR assay can be employed in EBV viral load measurement in PBMC and serum samples to monitor transplanted patients at risk to develop PTLD.
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BERGALLO M; MERLINO C; DANIELE R; SINESI F; FUMAGALLI M; NEGRO PONZI A; CAVALLO R.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/38735
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