PM2.5 is one of the most important aspects of environmental health. This air pollutant is breathable and it is implicated in several chronic adverse health effects such as the decrease of respiratory functionality and cancer. Several in vitro bioassays are able to predict the mutagenic/carcinogenic activity of the environmental pollutants and mixtures of them. In this study PM2.5 air pollution was daily monitored in three cities located in the Northern part of Italy and the mutagenic properties of the PM2.5 organic extracts were also assessed. Samplings lasted 14 months and cover the period of the Winter Olympic Games of "Torino 2006". In this work, the levels of PM2.5, its mutagenic properties (detected with Salmonella typhimurium assay), the role of the Olympic Games as environmental factor and some meteorological data are discussed. The mean concentration of PM2.5 measured in Torino was 45.4 (+/-30.6) microg/m3, in Pavia 37.6 (+/-25.6) microg/m3, in Verona 43.1 (+/-28.5) microg/m3. Findings of the monthly pool bioassay were in Torino 107 (+/-104) net revertans/m3, in Pavia 108 (+/-89) net revertans/m3, in Verona 128 (+/-109) net revertans/m3. The Olympic Games period data show that PM2.5 pollution and its load of mutagenic potential are different and partially independent phenomena. The Olympic Games had not a great impact on the PM2.5 pollution. The exclusive PM2.5 gravimetric analysis shows a potential human risk if compared with the latest international guide values but it does not describe exhaustively the human health risk associated to the presence of this particular air pollutant. Moreover, the chemical and biological activity qualification of the PM organic extracts as a whole, can instead improve the knowledge.

Mutagenic properties of PM2.5 air pollution in the Padana Plain (Italy) before and in the course of XX Winter Olympic Games of "Torino 2006"

TRAVERSI, Deborah;DEGAN, Raffaella;GILLI, Giorgio;PIGNATA, Cristina;BONO, Roberto
2008

Abstract

PM2.5 is one of the most important aspects of environmental health. This air pollutant is breathable and it is implicated in several chronic adverse health effects such as the decrease of respiratory functionality and cancer. Several in vitro bioassays are able to predict the mutagenic/carcinogenic activity of the environmental pollutants and mixtures of them. In this study PM2.5 air pollution was daily monitored in three cities located in the Northern part of Italy and the mutagenic properties of the PM2.5 organic extracts were also assessed. Samplings lasted 14 months and cover the period of the Winter Olympic Games of "Torino 2006". In this work, the levels of PM2.5, its mutagenic properties (detected with Salmonella typhimurium assay), the role of the Olympic Games as environmental factor and some meteorological data are discussed. The mean concentration of PM2.5 measured in Torino was 45.4 (+/-30.6) microg/m3, in Pavia 37.6 (+/-25.6) microg/m3, in Verona 43.1 (+/-28.5) microg/m3. Findings of the monthly pool bioassay were in Torino 107 (+/-104) net revertans/m3, in Pavia 108 (+/-89) net revertans/m3, in Verona 128 (+/-109) net revertans/m3. The Olympic Games period data show that PM2.5 pollution and its load of mutagenic potential are different and partially independent phenomena. The Olympic Games had not a great impact on the PM2.5 pollution. The exclusive PM2.5 gravimetric analysis shows a potential human risk if compared with the latest international guide values but it does not describe exhaustively the human health risk associated to the presence of this particular air pollutant. Moreover, the chemical and biological activity qualification of the PM organic extracts as a whole, can instead improve the knowledge.
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Environmental health PM2.5 Mutagenicity Air pollution Olympic Games Salmonella typhimurium
TRAVERSI D; DEGAN R; DE MARCO R; GILLI G; PIGNATA C; PONZIO M; RAVA M; SESSAREGO F; VILLANI S; BONO R
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/38786
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