Antimicrobial agents and polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) have the potential to interact in such a ways that improve the therapy for infections diseases. In immunocompromised patients, highly susceptible to microbial infections with high morbidity and mortality, several metabolic and functional alterations in PMNs, mostly related to microbicidal activity, are observed. Therefore, the antibiotic of choice should have a good antimicrobial effect without impairing host defences. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro effects of sub-inhibiting fosfomycin tromethamine (FT) concentrations on the primary functions of PMNs from healthy subjects and immunocompromised patients (haemodialysed and renal transplant recipients), against an ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, the most common aetiological agent in urinary tract infections (UTIs). FT is considered a first line drug in the eradication of UTIs. Due to its appropriate antimicrobial spectrum, oral bioavailability and minimal risk of microbial resistance. Our results provide evidence that FT is able to induce enhancement of the depressed phagocytic response of PMNs from patients on chronic haemodialysis and from renal transplant recipients, restoring their primary functions in vitro against ESBL-producing E. coli. All of these data permit the conclusion that uremic-infected patients might additionally benefit from the immunomodulating properties of FT.

Role of fosfomycin tromethamine in modulating non-specific defence mechanisms in chronic uremic patients towards ESBL-producing Escherichia coli

TULLIO, Viviana Cristina;CUFFINI, Annamaria;BANCHE, Giuliana;MANDRAS, Narcisa;ALLIZOND, VALERIA;ROANA, Janira;CARLONE, Nicola
2008

Abstract

Antimicrobial agents and polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs) have the potential to interact in such a ways that improve the therapy for infections diseases. In immunocompromised patients, highly susceptible to microbial infections with high morbidity and mortality, several metabolic and functional alterations in PMNs, mostly related to microbicidal activity, are observed. Therefore, the antibiotic of choice should have a good antimicrobial effect without impairing host defences. The aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro effects of sub-inhibiting fosfomycin tromethamine (FT) concentrations on the primary functions of PMNs from healthy subjects and immunocompromised patients (haemodialysed and renal transplant recipients), against an ESBL-producing Escherichia coli, the most common aetiological agent in urinary tract infections (UTIs). FT is considered a first line drug in the eradication of UTIs. Due to its appropriate antimicrobial spectrum, oral bioavailability and minimal risk of microbial resistance. Our results provide evidence that FT is able to induce enhancement of the depressed phagocytic response of PMNs from patients on chronic haemodialysis and from renal transplant recipients, restoring their primary functions in vitro against ESBL-producing E. coli. All of these data permit the conclusion that uremic-infected patients might additionally benefit from the immunomodulating properties of FT.
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ESBL-producing Escherichia coli; Fosfomycin tromethamine; Intracellular killing; Phagocytosis; PMNs
TULLIO V; CUFFINI A; BANCHE G; MANDRAS N; ALLIZOND V; ROANA J; GIACCHINO F; BONELLO F; UNGHERI D; CARLONE NA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/39687
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