Keratinocytes, the target cell of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, can produce numerous cytokines and pro-inflammatory molecules which are important for the generation of an effective immune response. How this biological response, which involves the tumor stroma, is affected by the HPV oncoproteins within the epithelial cell itself is not clear. Here it is shown that oncoproteins of different HPV genotypes (alpha- versus beta-HPV genus) alter the expression of pro-inflammatory molecules in early passage primary human keratinocytes and the immortalized cell line HaCaT. HPV5 E6/E7 oncoproteins significantly induced interleukin-8 (IL-8), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression. By contrast, the same molecules were down-regulated or not modulated in HPV16 E6/E7 transduced keratinocytes. Interestingly, HPV38 oncoproteins expression resulted in a lower induction of pro-inflammatory molecules, resembling the behavior displayed by the mucosal carcinogenic HPV16. Finally, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression levels and nitric oxide (NO) production were induced at similar levels by all the HPV genotypes tested. These results further emphasize the different biological activities among HPV genotypes, and offer new insights into HPV-associated skin diseases.

Alpha- and betapapillomavirus E6/E7 genes differentially modulate pro-inflammatory gene expression

DE ANDREA, Marco;DELL'OSTE, Valentina;MUSSO, Tiziana;LANDOLFO, Santo Giuseppe;
2007

Abstract

Keratinocytes, the target cell of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, can produce numerous cytokines and pro-inflammatory molecules which are important for the generation of an effective immune response. How this biological response, which involves the tumor stroma, is affected by the HPV oncoproteins within the epithelial cell itself is not clear. Here it is shown that oncoproteins of different HPV genotypes (alpha- versus beta-HPV genus) alter the expression of pro-inflammatory molecules in early passage primary human keratinocytes and the immortalized cell line HaCaT. HPV5 E6/E7 oncoproteins significantly induced interleukin-8 (IL-8), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) expression. By contrast, the same molecules were down-regulated or not modulated in HPV16 E6/E7 transduced keratinocytes. Interestingly, HPV38 oncoproteins expression resulted in a lower induction of pro-inflammatory molecules, resembling the behavior displayed by the mucosal carcinogenic HPV16. Finally, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression levels and nitric oxide (NO) production were induced at similar levels by all the HPV genotypes tested. These results further emphasize the different biological activities among HPV genotypes, and offer new insights into HPV-associated skin diseases.
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http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6T32-4M7K9J9-1&_user=525216&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000026382&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=525216&md5=9ec84b0bbca55c6efe3908a8699779af
Cytokines; immune evasion; inflammation; nitric oxide; papillomavirus; skin diseases
DE ANDREA M; MONDINI M; AZZIMONTI B; DELL'OSTE V; GERMANO S; GAUDINO G; MUSSO T; LANDOLFO S; GARIGLIO M
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/40239
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