Pre-eclampsia is a serious disorder of human pregnancy, characterized by decreased utero-placental perfusion and increased trophoblast cell death. Presently, the mechanisms regulating trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia are not fully elucidated. Herein, we have identified a novel Mtd/Bok splice isoform (Mtd-P) resulting from exon-II skipping. Mtd-P expression was unique to early-onset severe pre-eclamptic placentae as assessed by quantitative real-time-PCR and immunoblotting. Mtd-P overexpression in cell lines (BeWo: cytotrophoblast-derived; and CHO: ovary-derived) resulted in increased apoptotic cell death as assessed by caspase-3 cleavage, internucleosomal DNA laddering and mitochondrial depolarization. Moreover, Mtd-P expression increased under conditions of low oxygenation/oxidative stress in human villous explants. Antisense knockdown of Mtd under conditions of oxidative stress resulted in decreased caspase-3 cleavage. We conclude that under conditions of reduced oxygenation/oxidative stress, Mtd-P causes trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia and hence may contribute to the molecular events leading to the clinical manifestations of this disease.

A novel Mtd splice isoform is responsible for trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia.

TODROS, Tullia;
2005-01-01

Abstract

Pre-eclampsia is a serious disorder of human pregnancy, characterized by decreased utero-placental perfusion and increased trophoblast cell death. Presently, the mechanisms regulating trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia are not fully elucidated. Herein, we have identified a novel Mtd/Bok splice isoform (Mtd-P) resulting from exon-II skipping. Mtd-P expression was unique to early-onset severe pre-eclamptic placentae as assessed by quantitative real-time-PCR and immunoblotting. Mtd-P overexpression in cell lines (BeWo: cytotrophoblast-derived; and CHO: ovary-derived) resulted in increased apoptotic cell death as assessed by caspase-3 cleavage, internucleosomal DNA laddering and mitochondrial depolarization. Moreover, Mtd-P expression increased under conditions of low oxygenation/oxidative stress in human villous explants. Antisense knockdown of Mtd under conditions of oxidative stress resulted in decreased caspase-3 cleavage. We conclude that under conditions of reduced oxygenation/oxidative stress, Mtd-P causes trophoblast cell death in pre-eclampsia and hence may contribute to the molecular events leading to the clinical manifestations of this disease.
12(5)
441
452
Apoptosis; Matador (Mtd); Placenta; Preeclampsia; Trophoblast; Oxidative stress
SOLEYMANLOU N.; WU Y.; WANG JX.; T. TODROS; IETTA F.; JURISICOVA A.; POST M.; CANIGGIA I.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/41331
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