The defect in interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production that results in a T helper cell type 2-dominated response may be responsible for a decrease in the apoptosis of allergen-activated T cells in asthma. We investigated the effect of recombinant IFN-gamma on proliferation, Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) expression, and apoptosis in allergen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from atopic, asthmatic patients and nonatopic, control subjects. The addition of IFN-gamma at the start of cultures markedly inhibited the proliferative response to a specific allergen in cells from all asthmatic patients, whereas no change was observed in cells from nonatopic, control subjects. IFN-gamma induced an increase in the expression of Fas and FasL by allergen-stimulated CD4+ T cells from asthmatic patients and caused the apoptosis of these cells. A Fas-blocking monoclonal antibody prevented the inhibitory effect of IFN-gamma on allergen-induced proliferation. These results suggest that IFN-gamma inhibits the proliferation of allergen-stimulated CD4+ T cells from atopic, asthmatic patients by inducing the surface expression of Fas and FasL, which in turn triggers their apoptotic program. The defect in IFN-gamma production involved in the allergic, immune response may therefore be responsible for a decrease in apoptosis of allergen-activated T lymphocytes in the airways of atopic, asthmatic patients.

IFN-gamma inhibits the proliferation of allergen-activated T lymphocytes from atopic, asthmatic patients by inducing Fas/FasL-mediated apoptosis

DE ROSE, Virginia;CAPPELLO, Paola;NOVELLI, Francesco
2004-01-01

Abstract

The defect in interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production that results in a T helper cell type 2-dominated response may be responsible for a decrease in the apoptosis of allergen-activated T cells in asthma. We investigated the effect of recombinant IFN-gamma on proliferation, Fas/Fas ligand (FasL) expression, and apoptosis in allergen-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from atopic, asthmatic patients and nonatopic, control subjects. The addition of IFN-gamma at the start of cultures markedly inhibited the proliferative response to a specific allergen in cells from all asthmatic patients, whereas no change was observed in cells from nonatopic, control subjects. IFN-gamma induced an increase in the expression of Fas and FasL by allergen-stimulated CD4+ T cells from asthmatic patients and caused the apoptosis of these cells. A Fas-blocking monoclonal antibody prevented the inhibitory effect of IFN-gamma on allergen-induced proliferation. These results suggest that IFN-gamma inhibits the proliferation of allergen-stimulated CD4+ T cells from atopic, asthmatic patients by inducing the surface expression of Fas and FasL, which in turn triggers their apoptotic program. The defect in IFN-gamma production involved in the allergic, immune response may therefore be responsible for a decrease in apoptosis of allergen-activated T lymphocytes in the airways of atopic, asthmatic patients.
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IFNgamma; asthma; allergy; inflammation; cytokines
V. DE ROSE; P. CAPPELLO; V. SORBELLO; B. CECCARINI; F. GANI; M. BOSTICARDO; S. FASSIO; F. NOVELLI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/41617
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