The PAX8 gene, mapped on 2q12-q14, encodes for a transcription factor involved in thyroid cell proliferation and differentiation. Five mutations in PAX8 have been so far described in both sporadic and rare familial forms of thyroid dysgenesis with proposed autosomal dominant inheritance, all associated with thyroid hypoplasia and/or dysfunction. Fifty-four subjects with detected during neonatal screening and associated with an ultrasound or scintiscan picture of thyroid dysgenesis were investigated for PAX8 mutations. The entire PAX8 coding region with exon-intron boundaries was amplified from genomic DNA, and a mutational screening was performed by denaturing HPLC followed by direct sequencing when denaturing HPLC elution abnormalities appeared. A new heterozygous deletion (c.989_992delACCC) in exon 7 causing a frameshift with premature stop codon after codon 277 was identified in a subject with thyroid hypoplasia. This mutation is the only one so far identified that lies outside the paired domain. The predicted mutant protein completely lacks the C-terminal region but contains the paired box, octapeptide, and homeodomain. It retains the ability to bind a paired-domain sequence in vitro but is transcriptionally inactive. These results provide evidence that the C-terminal region is essential for transcriptional activity. The new mutation has been inherited from the completely euthyroid mother. It was also present in a brother with slightly elevated TSH only. Thus, it is associated with thyroid dysgenesis in the proband and both euthyroidism and compensated hypothyroidism in her family. This suggests that other factors/genes may modulate phenotypic expression.

Familial PAX8 small deletion (c.989_992delACCC) associated with extreme phenotype variability

DE SANCTIS, Luisa;SILVESTRO, Leandra;
2004

Abstract

The PAX8 gene, mapped on 2q12-q14, encodes for a transcription factor involved in thyroid cell proliferation and differentiation. Five mutations in PAX8 have been so far described in both sporadic and rare familial forms of thyroid dysgenesis with proposed autosomal dominant inheritance, all associated with thyroid hypoplasia and/or dysfunction. Fifty-four subjects with detected during neonatal screening and associated with an ultrasound or scintiscan picture of thyroid dysgenesis were investigated for PAX8 mutations. The entire PAX8 coding region with exon-intron boundaries was amplified from genomic DNA, and a mutational screening was performed by denaturing HPLC followed by direct sequencing when denaturing HPLC elution abnormalities appeared. A new heterozygous deletion (c.989_992delACCC) in exon 7 causing a frameshift with premature stop codon after codon 277 was identified in a subject with thyroid hypoplasia. This mutation is the only one so far identified that lies outside the paired domain. The predicted mutant protein completely lacks the C-terminal region but contains the paired box, octapeptide, and homeodomain. It retains the ability to bind a paired-domain sequence in vitro but is transcriptionally inactive. These results provide evidence that the C-terminal region is essential for transcriptional activity. The new mutation has been inherited from the completely euthyroid mother. It was also present in a brother with slightly elevated TSH only. Thus, it is associated with thyroid dysgenesis in the proband and both euthyroidism and compensated hypothyroidism in her family. This suggests that other factors/genes may modulate phenotypic expression.
89
11
5669
5674
congenital hypothyroidism; PAX8 gene
de Sanctis L; Corrias A; Romagnolo D; Di Palma T; Biava A; Borgarello G; Gianino P; Silvestro L; Zannini M; Dianzani I.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
ID_312558_PMID_15531527.pdf

Accesso riservato

Tipo di file: POSTPRINT (VERSIONE FINALE DELL’AUTORE)
Dimensione 354.86 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
354.86 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/41863
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 13
  • Scopus 51
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 46
social impact