BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic management of large hiatal hernias still is controversial. Recent studies have presented a high recurrence rate. METHODS: In this study, 65 patients underwent elective laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernia. A short esophagus was diagnosed in 13 cases. A primary closure of the hiatal defect was performed in 14 cases. 'Tension-free' repair using a mesh was performed in 37 cases, and 14 patients underwent a Collis-Nissen gastroplasty. For the last 38 patients in the series, an intraoperative endoscopy was performed to identify the esophagogastric junction. RESULTS: There was no mortality, no conversions to open surgery, and no intraoperative complications. A recurrent hernia was present in 23 of the 77 patients (30%). The recurrence rate was 77% when a direct suture was used and 35% when a mesh was used (p < 0.05). No recurrences were observed in the patients treated with the Collis-Nissen technique, but in one case, perforation of the distal esophagus developed 3 weeks after surgery. The multivariate analysis showed that recurrences are statistically correlated with the type of hiatal hernia and surgical technique. CONCLUSIONS: To reduce recurrences after laparoscopic management of large hiatal hernias, it is essential to identify all cases of short esophagus using intraoperative endoscopy and to perform a Collis-Nissen procedure in such cases.

Laparoscopic management of giant hiatal hernia: factors influencing long-term outcome

MORINO, Mario;GIACCONE, Claudio;REBECCHI, Fabrizio
2006-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The laparoscopic management of large hiatal hernias still is controversial. Recent studies have presented a high recurrence rate. METHODS: In this study, 65 patients underwent elective laparoscopic repair of large hiatal hernia. A short esophagus was diagnosed in 13 cases. A primary closure of the hiatal defect was performed in 14 cases. 'Tension-free' repair using a mesh was performed in 37 cases, and 14 patients underwent a Collis-Nissen gastroplasty. For the last 38 patients in the series, an intraoperative endoscopy was performed to identify the esophagogastric junction. RESULTS: There was no mortality, no conversions to open surgery, and no intraoperative complications. A recurrent hernia was present in 23 of the 77 patients (30%). The recurrence rate was 77% when a direct suture was used and 35% when a mesh was used (p < 0.05). No recurrences were observed in the patients treated with the Collis-Nissen technique, but in one case, perforation of the distal esophagus developed 3 weeks after surgery. The multivariate analysis showed that recurrences are statistically correlated with the type of hiatal hernia and surgical technique. CONCLUSIONS: To reduce recurrences after laparoscopic management of large hiatal hernias, it is essential to identify all cases of short esophagus using intraoperative endoscopy and to perform a Collis-Nissen procedure in such cases.
20(7)
1011
1016
M. MORINO; C. GIACCONE; L. PELLEGRINO; F. REBECCHI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2318/42661
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