Aims. This study compared the in vitro activity of telithromycin with that of azithromycin against 438 Streptococcus pyogenes and 198 S. pneumoniae, isolated over the period 2005-2007 from specimens of different human origin obtained in three Piemonte Region’s hospitals. Methods and results. The determination of antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the microdilution broth method and the Ery-R phenotypes by the triple-disk-test. 78•8% S. pyogenes and 69•2% S. pneumoniae were erythromycin-susceptible (Ery-S). Concerning S. pyogenes, telithromycin was active against M and inducible MLSB, subtype-C, phenotypes but not against constitutive MLSB strains. Telithromycin acted well against all S. pneumoniae, irrespectively of their mechanism of macrolide-resistance. On the contrary, the Ery-R isolates, both S. pyogenes and S. pneumoniae, were resistant to azithromycin. Conclusions. Our results indicate that macrolide resistance in streptococci still persist in Northwest Italy (21•2% S. pyogenes and 30•8% S. pneumoniae) and that telithromycin is confirmed as being extremely active even against recent clinical Ery-R streptococcal isolates. Significance and impact of the study. The present study emphasizes that an active surveillance of the phenotypes distribution and antibacterial resistance in streptococci is essential to guide the effective use of empirical treatment option for streptococcal infections, also at regional level.

In vitro compared activity of telithromycin and azithromycin against Northwest Italian isolates of Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae with different erythromycin susceptibility

BANCHE, Giuliana;ROANA, Janira;ALLIZOND, VALERIA;MANDRAS, Narcisa;SCALAS, Daniela;TULLIO, Viviana Cristina;CARLONE, Nicola;SAVOIA, Dianella;CUFFINI, Annamaria
2008

Abstract

Aims. This study compared the in vitro activity of telithromycin with that of azithromycin against 438 Streptococcus pyogenes and 198 S. pneumoniae, isolated over the period 2005-2007 from specimens of different human origin obtained in three Piemonte Region’s hospitals. Methods and results. The determination of antimicrobial activity was evaluated by the microdilution broth method and the Ery-R phenotypes by the triple-disk-test. 78•8% S. pyogenes and 69•2% S. pneumoniae were erythromycin-susceptible (Ery-S). Concerning S. pyogenes, telithromycin was active against M and inducible MLSB, subtype-C, phenotypes but not against constitutive MLSB strains. Telithromycin acted well against all S. pneumoniae, irrespectively of their mechanism of macrolide-resistance. On the contrary, the Ery-R isolates, both S. pyogenes and S. pneumoniae, were resistant to azithromycin. Conclusions. Our results indicate that macrolide resistance in streptococci still persist in Northwest Italy (21•2% S. pyogenes and 30•8% S. pneumoniae) and that telithromycin is confirmed as being extremely active even against recent clinical Ery-R streptococcal isolates. Significance and impact of the study. The present study emphasizes that an active surveillance of the phenotypes distribution and antibacterial resistance in streptococci is essential to guide the effective use of empirical treatment option for streptococcal infections, also at regional level.
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azithromycin; resistance phenotypes; Streptococcus pneumoniae; Streptococcus pyogenes; telithromycin
Giuliana Banche; Janira Roana; Valeria Allizond; Silvia Andreotti; Aurelio Malabaila; Nicolò Li Vigni; Narcisa Mandras; Daniela Scalas; Vivian Tullio; Nicola A. Carlone; Dianella Savoia; Ester Gaido; Anna Barbui; Anna Maria Cuffini
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/51548
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