We have developed a method for the measurement of the IgG and IgA subclass distribution of antigen-specific human antibodies. The controls for the specificity of the assay include the use of a number of monoclonal human antibodies and sera from individuals with deletions of particular immunoglobulin heavy chain constant region genes. The system was used to determine the shift in immunoglobulin subclass patterns of specific antibodies against a variety of protein and polysaccharide antigens in individuals with a regulatory deficiency of a given IgG or IgA subclass. Normally, the pattern is quite distinct and antibodies against protein antigens are mainly of the IgG1 subclass, whereas antibodies against polysaccharide antigens are mainly of the IgG2 subclass. The results on serum from an IgG1 deficient donor suggested that IgG3 and IgG4 appear to compensate for a lack of IgG1, whereas isolated deficiencies of IgG3, IgG4, or IgA2 do not markedly influence the expected distribution of specific antibodies. In IgG2-deficient individuals a more complex pattern was observed where antibodies against protein antigens were retained, whereas levels of antibodies against polysaccharide antigens could vary markedly between donors, which appeared to be dependent on whether the IgG2 deficiency was an isolated defect or combined with IgG4/IgA deficiency. However, all the IgG2-deficient donors had a skewed pattern of anti-polysaccharide antibodies with a shift to IgG1 to IgG3.

Subclass restriction pattern of antigen-specific antibodies in donors with defective expression of IgG or IgA subclass heavy chain constant region genes.

CARBONARA, Angelo;DE MARCHI, Mario;
1987

Abstract

We have developed a method for the measurement of the IgG and IgA subclass distribution of antigen-specific human antibodies. The controls for the specificity of the assay include the use of a number of monoclonal human antibodies and sera from individuals with deletions of particular immunoglobulin heavy chain constant region genes. The system was used to determine the shift in immunoglobulin subclass patterns of specific antibodies against a variety of protein and polysaccharide antigens in individuals with a regulatory deficiency of a given IgG or IgA subclass. Normally, the pattern is quite distinct and antibodies against protein antigens are mainly of the IgG1 subclass, whereas antibodies against polysaccharide antigens are mainly of the IgG2 subclass. The results on serum from an IgG1 deficient donor suggested that IgG3 and IgG4 appear to compensate for a lack of IgG1, whereas isolated deficiencies of IgG3, IgG4, or IgA2 do not markedly influence the expected distribution of specific antibodies. In IgG2-deficient individuals a more complex pattern was observed where antibodies against protein antigens were retained, whereas levels of antibodies against polysaccharide antigens could vary markedly between donors, which appeared to be dependent on whether the IgG2 deficiency was an isolated defect or combined with IgG4/IgA deficiency. However, all the IgG2-deficient donors had a skewed pattern of anti-polysaccharide antibodies with a shift to IgG1 to IgG3.
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Hammarström L; Carbonara AO; DeMarchi M; Lefranc G; Möller G; Smith CI; Zegers BJ
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/58886
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