AIM: Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a relevant pathogen in transplant recipients, particularly in the first three months post-transplantation. The use of antiviral prophylaxis and pre-emptive therapy is able to reduce incidence of HCMV infection and disease. The incidence of HCMV infection and disease in renal transplant recipients in the first 100 days post-transplantation was investigated, in relation with HCMV serological matching and therapeutic management. METHODS: Incidence of HCMV infection in the first 100 days post-transplantation was evaluated by pp65-antigenemia in 165 patients on a total number of 1241 clinical samples. Patients were divided in four groups according to donor/recipient serological matching: D(-)/R(-) (low risk of HCMV disease), D(-)/R+ and D+/R+ (intermediate risk) and D+/R(-) (high risk). Antiviral strategy (prophylaxis in high risk group; pre-emptive therapy in intermediate risk group, no therapy in low risk group) and immunosuppressive protocol were recorded. RESULTS: Incidence of antigenemia-positivity was as follows: 0/3 D(-)/R(-) patients; 59/130 (45.4%) D+/R+; 5/16 (31.3%) D(-)/R+; 4/16 D+/R(-). No significative difference was found between the four groups in terms of incidence of antigenemia-positivity in the first 100 days following transplantation. Antigenemia values >50 pp65-positive/2x10(5) peripheral blood leukocytes (used to start pre-emptive therapy) were present in 18/130 (13.8%) D+/R+; 1/16 (6.2%) D+/R(-); 0/16 D(-)/R+. Viral kinetics in patients with HCMV infection was described. CONCLUSION: No significative difference was found in terms of incidence of HCMV infection in the first 100 days post-transplantation in relation to immunosuppressive protocol and serological matching, suggesting the appropriateness of antiviral strategies and viral monitoring adopted in this setting.

Monitoring of human citomegalovirus infection by antigenaemia and viraemia in the first 100 days following renal transplantation and relation to antiviral strategies

TERLIZZI, Maria Elena;COSTA C.;SIDOTI, Francesca;SEGOLONI, Giuseppe;BERGALLO, Massimiliano;CAVALLO, Rossana
2008

Abstract

AIM: Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a relevant pathogen in transplant recipients, particularly in the first three months post-transplantation. The use of antiviral prophylaxis and pre-emptive therapy is able to reduce incidence of HCMV infection and disease. The incidence of HCMV infection and disease in renal transplant recipients in the first 100 days post-transplantation was investigated, in relation with HCMV serological matching and therapeutic management. METHODS: Incidence of HCMV infection in the first 100 days post-transplantation was evaluated by pp65-antigenemia in 165 patients on a total number of 1241 clinical samples. Patients were divided in four groups according to donor/recipient serological matching: D(-)/R(-) (low risk of HCMV disease), D(-)/R+ and D+/R+ (intermediate risk) and D+/R(-) (high risk). Antiviral strategy (prophylaxis in high risk group; pre-emptive therapy in intermediate risk group, no therapy in low risk group) and immunosuppressive protocol were recorded. RESULTS: Incidence of antigenemia-positivity was as follows: 0/3 D(-)/R(-) patients; 59/130 (45.4%) D+/R+; 5/16 (31.3%) D(-)/R+; 4/16 D+/R(-). No significative difference was found between the four groups in terms of incidence of antigenemia-positivity in the first 100 days following transplantation. Antigenemia values >50 pp65-positive/2x10(5) peripheral blood leukocytes (used to start pre-emptive therapy) were present in 18/130 (13.8%) D+/R+; 1/16 (6.2%) D+/R(-); 0/16 D(-)/R+. Viral kinetics in patients with HCMV infection was described. CONCLUSION: No significative difference was found in terms of incidence of HCMV infection in the first 100 days post-transplantation in relation to immunosuppressive protocol and serological matching, suggesting the appropriateness of antiviral strategies and viral monitoring adopted in this setting.
99
3
231
239
TERLIZZI ME; COSTA C.; ASTEGIANO S; SIDOTI F; VENDRAME R; SEGOLONI GP; BERGALLO M; CAVALLO R
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/59252
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact