Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection stimulates the expression of cellular enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of DNA precursors. Among them, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and thymidylate synthase (TS) require folate as coenzymes. In growing cells, folates are readily converted to polyglutamated forms by the cellular enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS). Polyglutamated folates are selectively retained within the cell and have an increased affinity for DHFR and TS. Here we report that murine CMV (MCMV) increases the levels of the FPGS mRNAs as well as the enzymatically active FPGS protein through a mechanism that requires viral gene expression. FPGS induction by MCMV would provide the necessary supply of polyglutamated folates to the cellular enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides, enabling viral DNA replication to take place in quiescent cells.

Murine cytomegalovirus infection induces cellular folylpolyglutamate synthetase activity in quiescent cells

CAVALLO, Rossana;LEMBO, David;GRIBAUDO, Giorgio;LANDOLFO, Santo Giuseppe
2001

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection stimulates the expression of cellular enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of DNA precursors. Among them, dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and thymidylate synthase (TS) require folate as coenzymes. In growing cells, folates are readily converted to polyglutamated forms by the cellular enzyme folylpolyglutamate synthetase (FPGS). Polyglutamated folates are selectively retained within the cell and have an increased affinity for DHFR and TS. Here we report that murine CMV (MCMV) increases the levels of the FPGS mRNAs as well as the enzymatically active FPGS protein through a mechanism that requires viral gene expression. FPGS induction by MCMV would provide the necessary supply of polyglutamated folates to the cellular enzymes involved in the biosynthesis of deoxyribonucleotides, enabling viral DNA replication to take place in quiescent cells.
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CAVALLO R.; D. LEMBO; GRIBAUDO G.; LANDOLFO S
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/6649
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