The human interferon (IFN)-inducible IFI16 protein is a member of the 200-amino acid repeat family encoded by the HIN-200 genes. Forced IFI16 expression in normal human endothelial cells (ECs) inhibits cell growth and tube morphogenesis of ECs through the triggering of apoptosis by caspase-2 and caspase-3 via nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) complex activation. Accumulating evidence suggests that tumor-derived ECs (TECs) possess a distinct and unique phenotype compared with normal ECs, and they may be able to acquire resistance to antiangiogenic agents such as IFNs. However, few functional studies are available on cultured TEC. In the present study, we have demonstrated that TEC obtained from tumors of various histological origin, namely kidney (Eck25), breast (B-TEC), and head and neck (HN4), continued to proliferate and generate microtubules on Matrigel following IFI16 overexpression. In contrast to normal ECs, they were resistant to apoptosis triggered by caspase-2 and caspase-3 activation via the NF-κB complex. At the molecular level, when overexpressed in TEC, IFI16 appeared unable to regulate NF-κB activity and lead to caspase activation. Altogether, these results indicate that TECs display abnormal responses, in terms of survival and angiogenic properties, to an antiproliferative and antiangiogenic IFN-inducible gene such as IFI16.

Tumor-derived endothelial cells evade apoptotic activity of the interferon-inducible IFI16 gene

GUGLIESI, Francesca;DELL'OSTE, Valentina;DE ANDREA, Marco;BUSSOLATI, Benedetta;CAMUSSI, Giovanni;LANDOLFO, Santo Giuseppe
2011

Abstract

The human interferon (IFN)-inducible IFI16 protein is a member of the 200-amino acid repeat family encoded by the HIN-200 genes. Forced IFI16 expression in normal human endothelial cells (ECs) inhibits cell growth and tube morphogenesis of ECs through the triggering of apoptosis by caspase-2 and caspase-3 via nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) complex activation. Accumulating evidence suggests that tumor-derived ECs (TECs) possess a distinct and unique phenotype compared with normal ECs, and they may be able to acquire resistance to antiangiogenic agents such as IFNs. However, few functional studies are available on cultured TEC. In the present study, we have demonstrated that TEC obtained from tumors of various histological origin, namely kidney (Eck25), breast (B-TEC), and head and neck (HN4), continued to proliferate and generate microtubules on Matrigel following IFI16 overexpression. In contrast to normal ECs, they were resistant to apoptosis triggered by caspase-2 and caspase-3 activation via the NF-κB complex. At the molecular level, when overexpressed in TEC, IFI16 appeared unable to regulate NF-κB activity and lead to caspase activation. Altogether, these results indicate that TECs display abnormal responses, in terms of survival and angiogenic properties, to an antiproliferative and antiangiogenic IFN-inducible gene such as IFI16.
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http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jir.2011.0001
Gugliesi F; Dell'oste V; De Andrea M; Baggetta R; Mondini M; Zannetti C; Bussolati B; Camussi G; Gariglio M; Landolfo S.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2318/90825
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